Ne laissons pas détruire nos forêts

Ne laissons pas détruire nos forêts

Dans quelques jours s’ouvre une nouvelle bataille à l’Assemblée Nationale pour protéger nos forêts.
On vous explique tout.

Issu des travaux de la Convention Citoyenne sur le Climat, le projet de loi climat était censé reprendre sans filtre les 150 propositions des citoyens et les amener pour un débat devant les parlementaires.

Problème : le gouvernement a perdu en route toutes les mesures sur les forêts !
Rendez-vous le 1er mars à 11 heures à la manifestation devant l’Assemblée Nationale

Après plusieurs mois de travail, la Convention Citoyenne sur le Climat a rendu ses conclusions. Plusieurs propositions portent sur les forêts mais n’ont pas été retenues dans le projet de loi du gouvernement.

Cette note analyse ces propositions et identifie des amendements à destination des parlementaires pour les porter dans la loi.

Télécharger le Pdf des propositions : ici

Les arbres sont plus utiles vivants que morts pour le climat et la biodiversité.

Pour atteindre la neutralité carbone tous les gouvernements doivent préserver et restaurer les forêts au lieu de les brûler

 

Letter Regarding Use of Forests for Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)

To President Biden, President von der Leyen, President Michel, Prime Minister Suga, and President Moon,

The undersigned scientists and economists commend each of you for the ambitious goals you have announced for the United States, the European Union, Japan and South Korea to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. Forest preservation and restoration should be key tools for achieving this goal and simultaneously helping to address our global biodiversity crisis. We urge you not to undermine both climate goals and the world’s biodiversity by shifting from burning fossil fuels to burning trees to generate energy.

For decades, producers of paper and timber products have generated electricity and heat as by- products from their process wastes. This use does not lead to the additional harvest of wood. In recent years, however, there has been a misguided move to cut down whole trees or to divert large portions of stem wood for bioenergy, releasing carbon that would otherwise stay locked up in forests.

The result of this additional wood harvest is a large initial increase in carbon emissions, creating a “carbon debt,” which increases over time as more trees are harvested for continuing bioenergy use. Regrowing trees and displacement of fossil fuels may eventually pay off this carbon debt, but regrowth takes time the world does not have to solve climate change. As numerous studies have shown, this burning of wood will increase warming for decades to centuries. That is true even when the wood replaces coal, oil or natural gas.

The reasons are fundamental. Forests store carbon – approximately half the weight of dry wood is carbon. When wood is harvested and burned, much and often more than half of the live wood in trees harvested is typically lost in harvesting and processing before it can supply energy, adding carbon to the atmosphere without replacing fossil fuels. Burning wood is also carbon-inefficient, so the wood burned for energy emits more carbon up smokestacks than using fossil fuels. Overall, for each kilowatt hour of heat or electricity produced, using wood initially is likely to add two to three times as much carbon to the air as using fossil fuels.

Increases in global warming for the next few decades are dangerous. This warming means more immediate damages through more forest fires, sea level rise and periods of extreme heat in the next decades. It also means more permanent damages due to more rapid melting of glaciers and thawing of permafrost, and more packing of heat and acidity into the world’s oceans. These harms will not be undone even if we remove the carbon decades from now.

Government subsidies for burning wood create a double climate problem because this false solution is replacing real carbon reductions. Companies are shifting fossil energy use to wood, which increases warming, as a substitute for shifting to solar and wind, which would truly decrease warming.
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
In some places, including Japan and French Guiana, there are proposals not just to burn wood for electricity but to burn palm or soybean oil. Producing these fuels requires expansion of palm or soybean production that leads to clearing of carbon dense tropical forests and reduction of their important carbon sink, both of which add carbon to the atmosphere.

“Sustainability standards” for forest or vegetable oil management cannot alter these results. Sustainable management is what allows wood harvest to eventually pay back carbon debts but cannot alter these decades or even centuries of increased warming. Similarly, any increased demand for vegetable oil adds to the global pressure to clear more forests already created by rising food demands.

Making countries responsible for emissions from land use changes, although desirable, cannot alone fix laws that treat burning wood as carbon neutral because these national responsibilities do not alter the incentives created by those laws for power plants and factories to burn wood. In the same way, the fact that countries are responsible for emissions from diesel fuel use would not fix a law encouraging trucks to burn more diesel on the flawed theory that diesel is carbon neutral. Both treaties that shape national climate responsibilities and each country’s energy laws that implement them must accurately recognize the climate effects of the activities they encourage.

Your decisions going forward are of great consequences for the world’s forests because if the world supplied just an additional 2% of its energy from wood, it would need to double its commercial wood harvests. There is good evidence that increased bioenergy in Europe has already led to greatly increased forest harvests there. These approaches also create a model that encourages tropical countries to cut more of their forests – as several countries have pledged to do – undermining the goals of globally accepted forest agreements.

To avoid these harms, governments must end subsidies and other incentives that today exist for the burning of wood whether from their forests or others. The European Union needs to stop treating the burning of biomass as carbon neutral in its renewable energy standards and in its emissions trading system. Japan needs to stop subsidizing power plants to burn wood. And the United States needs to avoid treating biomass as carbon neutral or low carbon as the new administration crafts climate rules and creates incentives to reduce global warming.

Trees are more valuable alive than dead both for climate and for biodiversity. To meet future net zero emission goals, your governments should work to preserve and restore forests and not to burn them.

Peter Raven, Director Emeritus Missouri Botanical Society, St. Louis, Missouri USA, Winner U.S. National Medal of Science,
former President of American Association for Advancement of Science
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Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga\ & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Additional Initiators:

Steven Berry, Professor, Winner Frisch Medal, Fellow Econometric Society Yale University Connecticut, USA

Wolfgang Cramer, Professor

Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, IRD, Avignon Université
Member Académie d’Agriculture de France Aix-en-Province, France

Felix Creutzig, Professor Technical University of Berlin Berlin, Germany

Philip Duffy, President and Executive Director, Woodwell Climate Research Center, Massachusetts, USA

Bjart Holtsmark,
Senior Researcher,
Statistics Norway, Oslo, Norway

Daniel Kammen, Professor, University of California at Berkeley Berkeley, California, USA

Simon Levin, Professor, Princeton University, Winner U.S. National Medal of Science, Member National Academy of Sciences Princeton, New Jersey, USA

Wolfgang Lucht, Professor Humboldt University Berlin and Chair of Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Department on Earth System Analysis Potsdam, Germany
Christina Moberg, Emeritus Professor President European Academies of Science KTH Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden

William R. Moomaw
Emeritus Professor
Distinguished Visiting Scientist
Woodwell Climate Research Center
Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Tufts University Massachusetts, USA

Michael Norton,
Environmental Program Chair, European Academies Science Advisory Panel, Professor, University of Tokyo (Retired), Tokyo, Japan

Carsten Rahbek, Professor,
University of Copenhagen, University of Southern Denmark, and Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Timothy D. Searchinger, Senior Research Scholar, Princeton University,
Princeton, New Jersey

John Sterman, Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, USA

Lars Walløe, Chair EASAC Environment Steering Panel, Professor Emeritus, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Jean-Pascal van Ypersele, Professor, Earth and Life Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, member Royal Academy of Belgium, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
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Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Richard Waring, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus, Macus Wallenberg Prize Oregon State University Corvallis, Oregon

Maura Hanrahan, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Lethbridge Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada

Marcia Marques, Ph.D.
Professor
Rio de Janeiro State University-UERJ Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Gabriela Kuetting, Ph.D. Professor
Rutgers University
New Brunswick, New Jersey

Gillian Davies, M.E.S.
Senior Ecological Scientist
Queen Mary University of London London, United Kingdom

Daniel Rubenstein, Ph.D. Professor,
Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Princeton University
Princeton, New Jersey

Lee Frelich, Ph.D. Director
University of Minnesota Saint Paul, Minnesota

Mayank Sarika, M.A. Scholar
Princeton University Princeton, New Jersey

Ciro Cabal, M.Sc.
PhD Candidate Princeton University Princeton, New Jersey
Amalesh Dhar, Ph.D. Researcher
University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Aaron Ellison, Ph.D.
Senior Research Fellow & Deputy Director, Fellow of the Ecological Society of America Harvard University
Cambridge, Massachusetts

William Anderegg, Ph.D. Assistant Professor University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

Jan Kunnas, Ph.D.
Scholar
European University Institute Florence, Italy

Robert Howarth, Ph.D. Professor
Cornell University Ithaca, New York

Stephan von Cramon-Taubadel, Ph.D. Professor
Georg-August Universitat Gottingen Gottingen, Germany

Pamela McElwee, Ph.D. Associate Professor Rutgers University
New Brunsick, New Jersey

Helena Freitas, Ph.D. Professor
University of Coimbra Coimbra, Portugal

Patrick Gonzalez, Ph.D. Associate Adjunct Professor University of Berkeley
San Francisco, California

James Galloway, Ph.D. Professor, Member of the
4
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
National Academy of Science University of Virginia Charlottesville, Virginia

Sean Thomas, Ph.D.
Professor
University of Toronto – St. George Campus Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Rainer W Bussmann, Ph.D. Professor
Ilia State University Tibilisi, Georgia

Alfred Rutherford, Ph.D.
Professor, Fellow of the Royal Society Imperial College London
London, United Kingdom

Gianangelo Bracco, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Geneva Geneva, Switzerland

David Bowling, Ph.D. Professor
University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah

Jörn Theuerkauf, Ph.D. Professor
Polish Academy of Science Warsaw, Poland

Wil Burns, Ph.D. Professor
American University Washington, D.C.

Caroline Farrior, Ph.D. Assistant Professor University of Texas Austin, Texas

Spencer Barrett, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus, Member of the National Academy of Science
University of Toronto – St. George Campus Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Manuel J. Macía, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Universidad Autonoma de Madrid Madrid, Spain

Benjamin Phalan, Ph.D. Head of Conservation Oregon State University Corvallis, Oregon

John Harte, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus,
Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Ecological Society of America,
and the American Association
for the Advancement of Science University of California at Berkeley Berkely, California

Marcus Dostie, M.Sc. Instructor
University of Lethbridge Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada

Anni Arponen, Ph.D. Researcher, Docent University of Helsinki Helsinki, Finland

James Aronson, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus Missouri Botanical Garden St. Louis, Missouri

Louro Ricardo, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Universidade Nova de Lisboa Lisbon, Portugal

David Mabberley, D.Sc.
Professor Emeritus,
Member of the Order of Australia Wadham College, University of Oxford Oxford, United Kingdom
Lee Janice Ser Huay, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Nanyang Technological University Singapore, Singapore
5
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Sugar & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Phyllis Coley, Ph.D.
Professor, Fellow of the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

Karen Holl, Ph.D.
Professor, Honorary Fellow of
the Royal Society, Fellow of
Aldo Leopold Leadership University of California, Santa Cruz Santa Cruz, California

William Laurance, Ph.D. Professor, Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science; Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences
James Cook University
Cairns, Australia

Weeden Lori, M.Sc.
Senior Lecturer
University of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell, Massachusetts

Merilä Juha, Ph.D.
Member of Finnish Academy of Science and Letters
University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong, China

Leander Anderegg, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
University of California, Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, California

Blakers Andrew, Ph.D. Professor
Australia National University Canberra, Australia

Bock Walter, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus Columbia University New York, New York
Fernando Gonzalez-Candelas, Ph.D. Professor
University of Valencia
Valencia, Spain

Bengt Gunnar Jonsson, Ph.D. Professor
Mid Sweden University Sundsvall, Sweden

Grossart Hans-Peter, Ph.D.
Professor,
American Society of Limnology
and Oceanography,
International Society of Molecular Evolution Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology

and Inland Fisheries Berlin, Germany

Diego Gallego, Ph.D. Assistant Professor University of Alicante Alicante, Spain

Juha Mikola, Ph.D. University Lecturer University of Helsinki Helsinki, Finland

David Coomes, Ph.D.
Director of the Conservation Research Institute University of Cambridge
Cambridge, United Kingdom

Kuemmerle Tobias, Ph.D. Professor
University of Berlin Humboldt Berlin, Germany

Sten Svantesson, Ph.D. Scientist
University of Gothenburg Gothenburg, Sweden

Pugnaire Francisco, Ph.D.
Professor
La Estación Experimental de Zonas Áridas Almería, Spain
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Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Thomas Elmqvist, Ph.D. Professor
Stockholm University Stockholm, Sweden

Andy Friedlandm Ph.D. Professor
Dartmouth University Hanover, New Hampshire

Åsa Kasimir, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Gothenburg Gothenburg, Sweden

Susan Page, PhD Professor
University of Leicester Leicester, England

Stuart Pimm, Ph.D. Professor
Duke University Durham, North Carolina

Rütting Louise, Ph.D.
Head of Research Education University of Gothenburg Gothenburg, Sweden

Robert Gamache, Ph.D.
Professor, American Physical Society University of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell, Massachusetts

Tobias Plieninger, PhD Professor
University of Goettingen Goettingen, Germany

Charlotte Ryan, Ph D. in Philosophy (Sociology) Professor, Society for the
Study of Social Problems,
International Assn for Media & Communication Research

University of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell, Massachusetts
Bruno Carli, Ph.D.
Director, Member of the
Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei
Nello Carrara Institute of Applied Physics of National Research Council
Florence, Italy

Charles Perrings, Ph.D. Professor
Arizona State University Tempe, Arizona

Joann de Zegher, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts

Ghillean Prance, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus, Knight Bachelor (Sir) Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
London, United Kingdom

Rutger Vos, Ph.D.
Lecturer
Naturalis Biodiversity Center Leiden, The Netherlands

Alex Latta, Ph.D.
Associate Professor Wilfrid Laurier University Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

Jacob Socolar, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
Norwegian University of Life Sciences Aas, Norway

Marta Raquel Cardoso Correia, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher
Centro Ecologia Funcional, Departamento de Ciências da Vida
Coimbra, Portugal

Barbara Bozetka, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher Nicolaus Copernicus University Torun, Poland
7
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Björn Norden, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research Fjerdingby, Norway

Anne Ehrlich
Senior Research Scientist Emerita, Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Stanford University
Stanford, California

Beverly Law, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus,
Fellow of the
American Geophysical Union Oregon State University Corvallis, United States

Sofia Neves, B.Sc. Scholar
ITQB NOVA Lisbon, Portugal

Joerg Niewoehner, Ph.D. Professor Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Berlin, Germany

Micael Jonsson, Ph.D. Associate Professor Umeå University Umeå, Sweden

Harini Nagendra, Ph.D. Professor
Azim Premji University Bangalore, India

Geerte de Jong, M.Sc. Doctoral Student Gothenburg University Göteborg, Sweden

Rajmund Michalski, Ph.D. Professor, Member of the

Institute of Environmental Engineering,
Polish Academy of Sciences Zabrze, Poland

Charlotta Kvarnemo, Ph.D. Professor
University of Gothenburg Gothenburg, Sweden

Lars Ericson, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus Umeå university Umeå, Sweden

Kimberli Ponzio, M.Sc.
President
Society of Wetland Scientists, Professional Certification Program Gainesville, Georgia

Nina Lundholm, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Copenhagen Copenhagen, Denmark

Bernhard Schink, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus, Member of Leopoldina, Mainz Academy, European Academy of Microbiology University of Konstanz
Constance, Germany

Paul Smith, Ph.D.
Director, Fellow of the Linnaean Society Botanic Gardens Conservation International London, United Kingdom

Lars Hedenäs, Ph.D.
Senior Curator, Docent
Swedish Museum of Natural History Stockholm, Sweden

Patrick Meyfroidt, Ph.D. Associate Professor UCLouvain Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

Wim Carton, Ph.D. Senior Lecturer Lund University Lund, Sweden
European
Academies Science Advisory Council,
Environmental Steering Panel
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Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Julio M. Alcántara, Ph.D. Professor
University of Jaén
Jaén, Spain

Patrick Hostert, Ph.D. Professor
Humboldt University Berlin Berlin, Germany

Hugo Alves, M.Sc. Scholar
ITQB, UNLisboa Oeiras, Portugal

Iulie Aslaksen, Ph.D.
Senior researcher
Statistics Norway/Research Department Oslo, Norway

Kranjc Andrej, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus,
Member of National Academy of Science Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts Ljubljana, Slovenia

Andrew Balmford, Ph.D.
Professor, Fellow of the Royal Society University of Cambridge
Cambridge, United Kingdom

Dennis Nürnberg, Ph.D. Group Leader
Freie Universität Berlin Berlin, Germany

Daniel Müller, Ph.D.
Senior Lecturer
Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies Halle (Saale), Germany

Paul Ehrlich, Ph.D. Professor,
Fellow of the Royal Society Stanford University
Palo Alto, California
Cleo Chou, Ph.D.
Climate Change Advisor United States Agency for International Development Washington, D.C.

Juha Merilä, Ph.D.
Professor, Member of Finnish Academy of Science and Letters
The University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR

Gerardo Ceballos, Ph.D.
Professor, American Academy
of the Advancement of Science Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Toluca, Mexico

Shengxi Shao, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher Imperial College London London, United Kingdom

David White, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus Loyola University
New Orleans, Louisiana

Steve O’Kane, Ph.D.
Professor, Fellow of the Linnaean Society University of Northern Iowa
Cedar Falls, Iowa

Robert M. Hughes, Ph.D.
Senior Research Scientist,
Fellow of American Fisheries Society, Fellow of Society For Freshwater Sciences Amnisopes Institute
Corvallis, Oregon

Thomas Givnish, Ph.D.
Professor, Fellow of American
Academy for the Advancement of Science, Fellow of Linnaean Society,
University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, Wisconsin

Michael MacCracken, Ph.D.
Chief Scientist: Climate Change Programs, Fellow of International Union
9
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
of Geology and Geophysics, former President of International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Climate Institute
Washington, D.C.

Bruce Baldwin, Ph.D.
Professor
University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, California

Mark Stanback, Ph.D. Professor
Davidson College Davidson, North Carolina

Neptali Rameriz-Marcial, Ph.D. Professor
ECOSUR
San Cristóbal de Las Casas, México

Kasparas Spokas, Ph.D. Energy Policy Consultant Princeton University Princeton, New Jersey

Kingsley Dixon, Ph.D. Professor, Australian Academy of Technology and Engineering Curtin University
Perth, Australia

Janet Franklin, Ph.D. Professor, Member of National Academy of Science University of California Riverside, California

Alan Mark, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus,
Fellow of Royal Society of New Zealand, Knight of New Zealand Order of Merit University of Otago
Dunedin, New Zealand

Susanna Hecht, Ph.D.
Professor,
Livingston Medal for tropical research, MacArthur Research Fellow ACLS,
Guggenheim, Institute for Advanced Studies University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

David Zilberman, Ph.D. Professor,
Wolf Prize Winner
UC Berkeley

Berkeley, California

Eric Crawford, Ph.D. Professor
Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan

Anders Nilsson, Ph.D. Researcher
University of Gothenburg Gothenburg, Sweden

Sigmund Hågvar, Ph.D.
Professor
Norwegian University of Life Sciences Aas, Norway

Magnus Ellström, Ph.D. Environmental consultant Lund University
Lund, Sweden

Dominique Homberger, Ph.D. Professor,
Fellow of American Academy
for the Advancement of Science, Louisiana State University

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Walter Bock, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus Columbia University New York, New York

Rose Andrew, Ph.D.
Senior Lecturer
University of New England, Australia Armidale, Australia
10
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Luis Cayuela, Ph.D. Associate Professor Universidad Rey Juan Carlos Mostelos, Spain

David Kleijn, Ph.D.
Professor
Wageningen University and Research Wageningen, The Netherlands

Paul Struik, Ph.D.
Professor
Wageningen University & Research Wageningen, The Netherlands

Elio Bottagisio, M.A. PhD
Gothenburg University Gothenburg, Sweden

Johannes Lundberg, Ph.D.
Curator
Swedish Museum of Natural History Stockholm, Sweden

Anders Wollan, M.Sc.
Administrator and lecturer
Natural History museum, University og Oslo Oslo, Norway

Martin Jung, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) Laxenburg, Austria

Hans Henrik Bruun, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Copenhagen Copenhagen, Denmark Dag Hessen, Ph.D. Professor

University of Oslo Oslo, Norway

Alberto Bernués, Ph.D.
Researcher
Centro de Investigación y
Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón Zaragoza, Spain
Gerlinde De Deyn, Ph.D. Professor
Wageningen University Wageningen, The Netherlands

Ricardo Rocha, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher CIBIO-InBIO, Univ. of Porto Funchal, Portugal

Roland Jansson, Ph.D. Associate Professor Umeå University Umeå, Sweden

Eloy Revilla, Ph.D.
Director
Estación Biológica de Doñana CSIC Seville, Spain

José A. Godoy, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Estación Biológica de Doñana, CSIC Sevilla, Spain

JOSÉ Antonio Carreira DE LA Fuente, Ph.D. Professor
Univesity of Jaen
Jaen, Spain

Nayden Chakarov, Ph.D.
Senior Lecturer
Department of Animal Behaviour, Bielefeld University
Bielefeld, Germany

Inger Auestad, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Western Norway University of Applied Sciences Sogndal, Norway

Christian Levers, Ph.D. Assistant Professor
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Johan Lind, Ph.D. Associate Professor Stockholm University Stockholm, Sweden
11
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Debora Arlt, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala, Sweden
Elizabeth Boakes, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
University College London
London, United Kingdom

Håkan Hytteborn, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Trondheim, Norway

Richard Bradbury, Ph.D. Honorary Fellow
Royal Society Protection of Birds Sandy, United Kingdom

Enrique Andivia, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher Universidad Complutense de Madrid Madrid, Spain

Anders Bryn, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Oslo Oslo, Norway

Francisco Garcia-Gonzalez, Ph.D. Associate Professor
Doñana Biological Station (CSIC) Sevilla, Spain

Torbjörn Tyler, Ph.D. Herbarium curator Lund University Lund, Sweden

Calum Brown, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

Jonathan Green, Ph.D. Senior Researcher University of York York, United Kingdom
Manuel R. García Sánchez-Colomer, Ph.D. Technical Researcher,
Member of International
Association for Impact Assessment Centro de Estudios y

Experimentación de Obras Públicas Madrid, Spain

David Bilton, Ph.D.
Professor,
Fellow of Royal Society of Edinburgh University of Plymouth
Plymouth, United Kingdom

Anders Lindroth, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus Lund University
Lund, Sweden

Thomas Læssøe, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher University of Copenhagen København, Denmark

Matthias Baumann, Ph.D. Lecturer
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Berlin, Germany

Mikko Mönkkönen, Ph.D. Professor
University of Jyväskylä Jyväskylä, Finland

Sam Rabin, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

Christoph Meyer, Ph.D. Lecturer
University of Salford Salford, United Kingdom

Ian McFadden, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL Zürich, Switzerland
12
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Xavier Lambin, Ph.D.
Professor,
Fellow of Royal Society of Edinburgh University of Aberdeen
Aberdeen, United Kingdom

Jens Borum, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Copenhagen Copenhagen, Denmark

Bumsuk Seo, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

Enrique de la Montaña, Ph.D.
Professor
Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí Manta, Ecuador

Nicholas Davidson, Ph.D. Associate Professor Charles Sturt University Albury, Australia

Joana Valente, M.A. Professor
ESE-IPVC
Ciutadella de Menorca, Spain

Ulrika Jansson, Ph.D. Ecologist
BioFokus
Åas, Norway

Marta Rueda, Ph.D. Assistant Professor University of Seville Seville, Spain

Maria do Céu Madureira, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher
Centre of Functional Ecology, Life Sciences Department, University of Coimbra Coimbra, Portugal

Alexandra Rodríguez, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher University of Coimbra Coimbra, Portugal
Erik Pihl, Ph.D.
Science officer
Future Earth Global Secretariat Stockholm, Sweden

Julian Klein, Ph.D.
Researcher
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala, Sweden

Urban Olsson, Ph.D. Professor
University of Gothenburg Gothenburg, Sweden

Attila Marton, M.Sc. Ph.D. Student
University of Debrecen Debrecen, Magyarország

Robert Musil, Ph.D. President
Rachel Carson Council Bethesda, Maryland

Tom Bradfer-Lawrence, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds Edinburgh, Scotland

Tormod V. Burkey, Ph.D. Visiting Scientist University of Oslo
Oslo, Norway

Pieter Baas, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus,
Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences Leiden University
Leiden, The Netherlands

Timothy Moss, Ph.D. Professor
Humboldt University of Berlin Berlin, Germany
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Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Jerry Melillo, Ph.D.
Professor,
Fellow American Academy of Arts and Sciences,
American Philosophical Society Marine Biological Laboratory Woods Hole, Massachusetts

Aiden Jönsson, M.Sc.
PhD student
Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University Stockholm, Sweden

Grant Kemp, Ph.D. Senior Researcher Stockholm University Stockholm, Sweden

Manuel B. Morales, Ph.D. Associate Professor
Autónoma University of Madrid Madrid, Spain

Michael Clegg, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus,
Member of National Academy of Science University of California, Irvine
Irvine, California

Philip Stoddard, Ph.D. Professor
Florida International University Miami, Florida

Peter Horvath, M.Sc. Research technician University of Oslo Oslo, Norway

Ramsha Khan, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher Stockholm University Stockholm, Sweden

Tânia Sofia Oliveira, Ph.D.
Researcher
RAIZ – Forest an Paper Research Institute Lisbon, Portugal
Daniel Janzen, Ph.D.
Professor, Member of National Academy of Science
University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cornelius Senf, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher Technical University of Munich Munich, Germany

Sam Davis, Ph.D. Conservation Scientist Dogwood Alliance Asheville, North Carolina

Rolf A. Ims, Ph.D.
Professor
UiT- Arctic University of Norway Tromsø, Norway

Richard Houghton, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus,
Fellow of American Geophysical Union Woodwell Climate Research Center Falmouth, Massachusetts

Jorge Crisci, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus,
Member of Argentina National Academy of Agronomy and Veterinary Universidad Nacional de La Plata,
La Plata, Argentina

Daniel Obrist, Ph.D. Professor
University of Massachusetts Lowell, Massachusetts

David Boufford, Ph.D. Senior Research Scientist Harvard University Herbaria Cambridge, Massachusetts

Barbara Thiers, Ph.D.
Director
The New York Botanical Garden Bronx, New York
14
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Christine Fürst, Habilitation
Professor
Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Dept. Sustainable Landscape Development
Halle, Germany

Luc Lens, Ph.D. Professor
Ghent University Ghent, Belgium

Kristine Grimsrud, Ph.D. Senior Researcher Statistics Norway
Oslo, Norway

Laura Antonaru, M.Res. PhD student
Imperial College London London, United Kingdom

Timo Vesala, Ph.D. Professor
University of Helsinki Helsinki, Finland

Bethany Bradley, Ph.D.
Professor
University of Massachusetts, Amherst Amherst, Massachusetts

Joel Cracraft, Ph.D.
Professor
American Museum of Natural History New York, New York
Honor C. Prentice, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Lund University
Lund, Sweden

Miles Silman, Ph.D.
Professor
Wake Forest University Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Michel Sliger, M.Sc.
Lab technician
Universite de Montreal
Sainte-Angele de Premont, Quebec, Canada
Anna Trugman, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
University of California Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, California

Christopher Crawford, M.A. PhD Candidate
Princeton University Princeton, New Jersey

Jostein Lorås, Ph.D. Professor
Nord University Bodo, Norway

Gunnar Kvåle, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus University of Bergen, Norway Bergen, Norway

Tiago Martins, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher ITQB NOVA
Oeiras, Portugal

Michiel Wallis de Vries, Ph.D. Professor
Wageningen University Wageningen, The Netherlands

Snæbjörn Pálsson, Ph.D. Professor
University of Iceland Reykjavík, Iceland

Eric Chivian, M.D.
Founder and Former Director of Center for Health and the Global Environment of Harvard Medical School,
Shared 1985 Nobel Peace Prize
for Co-founding International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War Harvard University
Boston, Massachusetts

Philippe Ciais, Ph.D.
Professor, Member of National Academy of Science
LSCE
Gif sur Yvette, France
15
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Henning Rodhe, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus, Member of Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Stockholm University
Stockholm, Sweden

Thomas Oliver, M.Sc. PhD Student
Imperial College London London, United Kingdom

Stefan Wirsenius, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Chalmers University of Technology Gothenburg, Sweden

Stefania Viola, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher Imperial College
London, United Kingdom

Nicola Ripley, M.Sc. Director
Betty Ford Alpine Gardens Vail, Colorado

Lars Tranvik, Ph.D. Professor
Uppsala University Uppsala, Sweden

Jakob Skovgaard, Ph.D. Associate Professor Lund University
Lund, Sweden

Michael O’Hare, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
University of California at Berkeley Berkeley, California

Jon Evans, Ph.D. Professor
University of the South Sewanee, Tennessee

Christopher Dunn, Ph.D. Director
Cornell Botanic Gardens Ithaca, New York
Juan M. Dupuy, Ph.D.
Professor
Scientific Research Center of Yucatan (CICY) Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico

Sarah Bexell, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Denver Denver, Colorado

Fiona Schmiegelow, Ph.D. Professor
University of Alberta Whitehorse, Alberta, Canada

Mariana Chavez-Pesqueira, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán Merida, Mexico

Miklós Bán, Ph.D. Assistant Professor University od Debrecen Debrecen, Hungary

Gianluca Piovesan, Ph.D. Professor
University of Tuscia Viterbo, Italy

Germán Carnevali, Ph.D.
Professor, Member of Mexican
Academy of Sciences
Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán Mérida, México

Zoltan Kun, M.Sc.
Research fellow Wildland Research Institution University of Leeds
Leeds, United Kingdom

Ian Convery, Ph.D. Professor
National School of Forestry, University of Cumbria Ambleside, United Kingdom
16
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Pierre L. Ibisch, Dr.
Professor
Centre for Economics and
Ecosystem Management – Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development

Eberswalde, Germany

Hans D. Knapp, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus Succow Foundation Putbus, Germany

Rubén Torices, Ph.D. Lecturer
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos Madrid, Spain

Casandra Reyes Garcia, Ph.D.
Professor, Member of
Academy of National Sciences, Mexico Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán Merida, México

David Suzuki, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus,
Companion of Order of Canada, Order of British Columbia University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada

Adam Eagle, BA (Oxon) Founder
The Lifescape Project London, United Kingdom

Karl Vernes, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of New England Armidale, Australia

Daniel Montesinos, Ph.D. Researcher
James Cook University Cairns, QLD, Australia

Jeanette Blumroeder, M.Sc. Academic Researcher
Eberswalde University for Sustainable
Development Eberswalde, Germany

Jeňýk Hofmeister, Ph.D.
Lecturer
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague Prague, Czech Republic

Ferenc Horváth, Ph.D. Engineer
Centre for Ecological Research Őrbottyán, Hungary

Louise E.M. Vet, Ph.D.
Professor, Member of
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences Netherlands Institute of Ecology and Wageningen University
Wageningen, The Netherlands

Elin Götmark, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Chalmers University of Technology Göteborg, Sweden

Volker Deecke, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Cumbria Ambleside, United Kingdom

Andrew Ringsmuth, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
Wegener Center for Climate and Global Change Graz, Austria

Helge Drange, Ph.D. Professor
University of Bergen Bergen, Norway

Marcus Waldherr, M.Sc. Scientific Associate Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development Eberswalde, Germany

Caroline Greiser, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher Stockholm University Stockholm, Sweden
17
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Linda Engström, Ph.D.
Scholar
Swedish University for Agriculture Sciences Uppsala, Sweden

Jordi Martínez-Vilalta, Ph.D.
Professor
CREAF / Autonomous University of Barcelona Barcelona, Spain

Hans Nooteboom, Ph.D. Scholar
Leiden University Leiden, The Netherlands

Finn Roar Aune, Cand. oecon Senior Adviser
Statistics Norway
Oslo, Norway

Suzanne Moore, D.V.M. Assistant Professor,
Member of American Veterinary Medical Association

University of Massachusetts Lowell, Massachusetts

Bonnie Waring, Ph.D. Senior Lecturer
Imperial College London London, United Kingdom

Dorothee Killmann, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher Universität Koblenz-Landau Koblenz, Germany

Per Garnåsjordet, M.Sc. Postdoctoral Researcher
Statistics Norway, Research Division Nesoya, Norway

Pablo Navarro Ruiz, M.A. and M.Sc. Forestry Engineer
Polytechnich University Madrid Madrid, Spain

Maria Amélia Martins-Loução, Ph.D. Professor
Centre for Ecology, Evolution and
Environmental Changes, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa Lisbon, Portugal

Richard Daley, M.Sc.
Plant scientist
EMD Consulting Group, LLC Hendersonville, North Carolina

Sebastian Rüter, Dr.
Senior Research Scientist
Thünen Institute of Wood Research Hamburg, Germany

Sonia Wesche, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Ottawa Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Miguel Brandão, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
KTH – Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden

Stephen Mahfood, M.Sc. Director
Pioneer Forest
Salem, Missouri

Rodolfo Dirzo, Ph.D. Professor, Member of National Academy of Science Stanford University Mountain View, California

Hans ter Steege, Ph.D. Professor
Naruralis Biodiversity Center Leiden, The Netherlands

Jens-Christian Svenning, Ph.D. Professor
Aarhus University
Aarhus, Denmark

Alejandro Ordonez, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Aarhus University Aarhus, Denmark
18
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
José Rey Benayas, Ph.D. Professor,
2019 Research Award Universidad de Alcala Alcala de Henares, Spain

Miroslav Svoboda, Ph.D. Professor
Czech University of Life Science Prague, Czech Republic

Robert Buitenwerf, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Aarhus University Aarhus, Denmark

Martin Mikoláš, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher CULIS
Prague, Czech Republic

Marek Svitok, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Technical University in Zvolen Zvolen, Slovakia

Kate Dooley, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher University of Melbourne Melbourne, Australia

Michal Wiezik, Ph.D. Associate Professor
Technical University in Zvolen Zvolen, Slovakia

Frederic Lens, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Naturalis Biodiversity Center Leiden, The Netherlands

Malcolm Hunter, Ph.D. Professor
University of Maine Orono, Maine
Hans Martin Seip, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus, Member of
Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters University of Oslo
Østerås, Norway

Brendan Rogers, Ph.D.
Associate Scientist
Woodwell Climate Research Center Falmouth, Massachusetts

Torsten Welle, Ph.D.
Head of Sience and Research Natural Forest Academy Luebeck, Germany

Bartolomeo Schirone, M.Sc.
Professor
TUSCIA University. Agriculture and Forestry Dept. Viterbo, Italy

Erik Smets, Ph.D.
Professor
Naturalis Biodiversity Center Leiden, The Netherlands

Vincenzo Balzani, Ph.D. Professor,
Accademia dei Lincei (Italy) University of Bologna Bologna, Italy

Günther Seufert, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus
EC Joint Research Centre Ispra Gemonio, Italy

Gianni Tamino, M.Sc. Associate Professor Università di Padova Padova, Italy

Heather Keith, Ph.D. Senior Lecturer Griffith University Canberra, Australia
19
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
H. Jesse Dubin, Ph.D.
Principal Pathologist-Retired
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
Frederick, Maryland

Loretta Leinen, M.Sc. Research Associate Natural Forest Academy Lübeck, Germany

Massimo Blonda, M.Sc. Researcher
CNR
Bari, Italy

Wayne Walker, Ph.D.
Associate Scientist
Woodwell Climate Research Center Falmouth, Massachusetts

Glenn Bush, Ph.D.
Environmental Economist,
Fellow of Royal Geographical Society Woodwell Climate Research Center Falmouth, Massachusetts

Jakub Hruška, Ph.D.
Professor
Globach Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences and Czech Geological Surveys
Prague, Czech Republic

Filip Oulehle, Ph.D.
head of the Biogeochemistry department Czech Geological Survey
Prague, Czech Republic

Richard Birdsey, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist,
Distinguished Scientist, U.S. Forest Service Woodwell Climate Research Canter Falmouth, Massachusetts

Jonathan Sanderman, Ph.D. Associate Professor
Woodwell Climate Research Center Falmouth, Massachusetts
Alfredo Romero-Muñoz, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher Humboldt-University Berlin Berlin, Germany

Jennifer Francis, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist
Woodwell Climate Research Center Falmouth, Massachusetts

Jeffrey Corbin, Ph.D. Professor
Union College Schenectady, New York

Seth Gorelik, M.Sc.
Research Associate
Woodwell Climate Research Center Falmouth, Massachusetts

Koen Sabbe, Ph.D. Professor
Ghent University Ghent, Belgium

Alberto Bellini, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Bologna Cesena, Italy

Dave McGlinchey, J.D.
Chief of External Affairs
Woodwell Climate Research Center Lowell, Massachusetts

Lee Dyer, Ph.D.
Professor
University of Nevada Reno Reno, Nevada

Darcy Peter, M.Sc.
Scientist, Woodwell Climate Research Center Falmouth, Massachusetts

Giuseppe Barbiero, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Università della Valle d’Aosta Aosta, Italy
20
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Arjun Potter, M.Sc. PhD Candidate Princeton University Princeton, New Jersey

Paul Scott, Ph.D. Assistant Professor New York University New York, New York

Mark Rounsevell, Ph.D.
Professor
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

Raphaël van Ypersele, M.A.
Volunteer at Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Liason Office
Brussels, Belgium

James Ehleringer, Ph.D. Professor, Member of National Academy of Science University of Utah

Salt Lake City, Utah

Jenni Nordén, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research Oslo, Norway

Michele Putko, Ph.D. Associate Professor
UMass Lowell
Cape Neddick, Massachusetts

Christoph Schneider, Ph.D. Professor Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Berlin, Germany

Diogo F Ferreira, M.Sc.
PhD student
CIBIO-InBIO, University of Porto Porto, Portugal

Yvonne Eva-Maria Barbara Bohr, Dipl.-Biol. (M.Sc.) Scientific Staff Member
Naturwald Akademie
Lübeck, Germany
Lyndon Estes, Ph.D. Associate Professor
Clark University Worcester, Massachusetts

David Wilcove, Ph.D. Professor
Princeton University Princeton, New Jersey

Christopher Williams, Ph.D. Professor
Clark University Worchester, Massachusetts

Petr Kjučukov, M.Sc. Post-Graduate Student
Czech University of Life Sciences Benešov, Czech Republic

David Storch, Ph.D. Professor
Charles University Prague, Czech Republic

Vassiliki Kati, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Ioannina Ioannina, Greece

Eva Novotny, Ph.D.
Retired
University of Cambridge Cambridge, United Kingdom

Susan Natali, Ph.D.
Associate Scientist
Woodwell Climate Research Center East Falmouth, Massachusetts

Fiona McOwan, B.Sc Hons 2.1 Lecturer, Member of Scientists for Global Responsibility (SGR) Formerly Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland
21
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Peter Hobson, Ph.D. Professor
Writtle University College Chelmsford, United Kingdom

Ágnes Vári, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
Center for Ecological Research
Vácrátót, Hungary
Guy Pe’er, Ph.D.
Senior Lecturer
German Centre for integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig
Leipzig, Germany

Szabó Lilla, M.Sc.
PhD student
Hungarian Academy of Science Nyíregyháza, Hungary

Colin Chapman, Ph.D. Professor,
Killiam Fellow,
Humboldt Fellow,
Velan Humanitarian Award George Washington University Washington, D.C.

Robin Chazdon, Ph.D.
Professor
University of the Sunshine Coast Maroochydore, Australia

Rick Savage, M.Sc.
President
Carolina Wetlands Association Cary, North Carolina

Fabien Condamine, Ph.D. Research scientist
CNRS
Montpellier, France
Dennis Baldocchi, Ph.D. Professor, Fellow of
American Geophysical Union University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, California

Timothy Treuer, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher University of Vermont Burlington, Vermont

William Ripple, Ph.D. Professor
Oregon State University Corvallis, Oregon

Henk van der Werff, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus Missouri Botanical Garden Saint Louis, Missouri

Mauricio Diazgranados, Ph.D. Research Leader
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Ardingly, United Kingdom

Brendan Mackey, Ph.D.
Professor
Climate Action Beacon, Griffith University Southport, Australia

Alfredo Di Filippo, Ph.D. Associate Professor Università della Tuscia Viterbo, Italy

Scott Goetz, Ph.D. Professor
Northern Arizona University Flagstaff, Arizona

Peter Phillipson, M.Sc. Associate Curator Missouri Botanical Garden St Louis, Missouri

Christos Georgiadis, Ph.D. Research and Teaching Assistant, National and Kapodistrian
22
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
University of Athens Athens, Greece

Hans-Peter Grossart, Ph.D.
Professor
Leibniz Institute for Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB)
Berlin-Stechlin, Germany

Roberto Canullo, Ph.D. Associate Professor Camerino University Camerino, Italy

Zoltán Sándor Varga, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus, Honorary Professor of Babes-Bolyai University Cluj University of Debrecen
Debrecen, Hungary

Alessandro Chiarucci, Ph.D.
Professor
Alma Mater Studiorum – University of Bologna Bologna, Italy

James Aronson, Ph.D. Senior scientist Emeritus Missouri Botanical Garden St Louis, Missouri

Carlos Gracia, Ph.D. Professor
University of Barcelona Barcelona, Spain

Juan Masello, Ph.D.
Principal investigator
Justus Liebig University Giessen Giessen, Germany

Esteban Manrique Reol, Ph.D. Professor
Real Jardín Botánico
Madrid, Spain

James Blignaut, Ph.D. Professor
Stellenbosch University Stellenbosch, South Africa
Mirindi Eric Dusenge, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher University of Gothenburg Gothenburg, Sweden

Elisabeth Jönsson Bergman, Ph.D. Associate Professor
University of Gothenburg Göteborg, Sweden

Frank Götmark, Ph.D. Professor
University of Gothenburg Göteborg, Sweden

Peter Emmrich, Ph.D.
Senior Research Associate
John Innes Centre / University of East Anglia Norwich, United Kingdom

Wendy Applequist, Ph.D. Associate Scientist Missouri Botanical Garden St. Louis, Missouri

James Baxter, M.Sc.
PhD Student
Imperial College London London, United Kingdom

Sergio Carrà, Ph.D.
Dean, Accademia Lincei Polytechnic University, Milano Italy Milano, Italy

Göran Englund, Ph.D. Professor
Umeå University Umeå, Sweden

Andy Friedland, Ph.D. Professor, Fellow of American Association for the Advancement of Science Dartmouth College

Hanover, New Hampshire

Juliette Rooney-Varga, Ph.D. Professor
University of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell, Massachusetts
23
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Carsten Meyer, Ph.D. Research Group Leader German Centre of Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Leipzig, Germany

Filipe Duarte Santos, Ph.D. Professor, Member of
the Lisbon Academy of Sciences University of Lisbon
Lisbon, Portugal

Alan Covich, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus,
Fellow of American Association for
the Advancement of Science,
Fellow of Ecological Society of America University of Georgia
Athens, Georgia

Neva Goodwin, Ph.D.
Founder
Global Development & Environment Institute Medford, United States

Frans Sijtsma, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Groningen Groningen, The Netherlands

Elizabeth Losos, Ph.D. Scholar
Duke University Durham, North Carolina

Samuel Levy-Tacher, Ph.D.
Professor
El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Unidad San Cristóbal San Cristobal de las Casas, México

Andrew Szasz, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
University of California, Santa Cruz Santa Cruz, California

Adam Cross, Ph.D. Senior Lecturer Curtin University Perth, Australia
Viney Aneja, Ph.D.
Professor
North Carolina State University Raleigh, North Carolina

Suzanne Milton, Ph.D.
Research Associate
South African Environmental Observation Network and Nelson Mandela University Prince Albert, South Africa

Susan Masino, Ph.D. Professor
Trinity College Hartford, Connecticut

Karlheinz Erb, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna
Vienna, Austria

Martin Breed, Ph.D. Lecturer
Flinders University Bedford Park, Australia

Flora Tinya, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher Centre for Ecological Research Vácrátót, Hungary

Martin Schmid, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, BOKU, Vienna Vienna, Austria

Lysanne Snijders, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Wageningen University & Research Wageningen, The Netherlands

Maria JI Briones, Ph.D. Professor
Universidad de Vigo Vigo, Spain
24
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Giovanni Seminara, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus,
Fellow of Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei
Rome, Italy

David Edwards, Ph.D. Professor
University of Sheffield Sheffield, United Kingdom

Julia Le Noë, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher Laboratoire de Géologie de l’ENS Paris, France

Lucía DeSoto, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher,
Member of AcademiaNet
Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) Almería, Spain

Heera Lee, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

Francesco Maria Sabatini, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Germany

Carlo Alberto Redi, Ph.D. Retired Professor University of Pavia Pavia, Italy

Giuliano Panza, Ph.D.
Retired full Professor,
Emeritus Honorary professor CEA Beijing, Honorary Professor,
Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture (BUCEA),
Prize Ettore Cardani, Fulbright Fellow University of Trieste
Trieste, Italy
Sandro Fuzzi, Ph.D.
Research Director
Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate – National Research Council
Bologna, Italy

Francesco Berrilli, M.A.
Professor
Physics Dept., University of Rome Tor Vergata
Roma, Italy

Markus Kröger, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Helsinki Helsinki, Finland

Massimo Livi Bacci, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus,
Member of Accademia dei Lincei University of Florence

Florence, Italy

Andreas Mayer, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (Boku)
Vienna, Austria

Chelsea Specht, Ph.D. Professor
Cornell University Ithaca, New York

Vojtěch Čada, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague Prague, Czech Republic

Jay Malcolm, Ph.D. Professor
University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Michael Loik, Ph.D.
Professor
University of California, Santa Cruz Santa Cruz, California
25
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Sandy M Smith, Ph.D. Professor, FRES University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Benjamin Filewod, Ph.D. Scholar
University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Daniel Press, Ph.D. Dean
Santa Clara University Santa Clara, California

Eliane Ceccon, Ph.D.
Professor
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Mexico City, Mexico

Rosanne Van Schie, Ph.D. Scholar
University of Toronto Mattawa, Ontario, Canada

Daniel Crespo, Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Researcher
CIIMAR – Interdisciplinary Centre
of Marine and Environmental Research Porto, Portugal

James Hallett, Ph.D. Professor
University of Montana Missoula, Montana

Diana Silva-Dávila, Ph.D.
Professor,
International Biogeography Society Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos Lima, Perú

Francisco Roman-Dañobeytia, Ph.D. Researcher
Condesan
Lima, Peru
Dragan Chobanov, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Institute of Biodiversity and
Ecosystem Research-Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Sofia, Bulgaria

Matteo Garbarino, Ph.D. Associate Professor Università di Torino (DISAFA) Grugliasco, Italy

William Vargas, M.Sc.
Professor,
Honorary Fellow of Royal Society Corporación Paisajes Rurales Cali, Colombia

Daniel Perez, Ph.D.
Professor
National University Of Comahue Neuquén, Argentina

Thibaud Aronson, M.Sc. Field biologist
Missouri Botanical Garden St. Louis, Missouri

Alwin Hardenbol, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher University of Eastern Finland Joensuu, Finland

Gábor Földvári, Ph.D. Associate Professor
Institute of Evolution,
Centre for Ecological Research Budapest, Hungary

Sarah Green, Master of Forest Conservation Scholar
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

David Moreno Mateos, Ph.D. Assistant Professor
Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts
26
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Susanne Baden, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Dept Biology and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg
Gothenburg, Sweden

Balint Preiszner, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher Centre for Ecological Research Tihany, Hungary

Leili Khalatbari, M.Sc. PhD Student University of Porto Porto, Portugal

Yann Clough, Ph.D. Professor
Lund University Lund, Sweden

Krisztina Krassován, M.Sc. Doctoral Researcher Pannon University Balatonfüred, Hungry

Sandro Bertolino, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Turin Torino, Italy

Stefan Kreft, Ph.D.
Lecturer
Centre for Econics and Ecosystem Management, Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development
Eberswalde, Germany

David van der Spoel, Ph.D. Professor
Uppsala University Uppsala, Sweden

Alexandre Antonelli, Ph.D.
Professor, Fellow of
Royal Society of Biology,
Fellow of Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences in Gothenburg

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Richmond, United Kingdom
Ahmet Uludag, Ph.D.
Professor
Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University Canakkale, Turkey

Jordi Cortina-Segarra, Ph.D. Professor
University of Alicante Alacant, Spain

Antonio Gallardo, Ph.D. Professor
Universidad Pablo de Olavide Sevilla, Spain

Nuria Selva Fernandez, Ph.D. Associate Professor
Polish Academy of Sciences Institute of Nature Conservation
Kraków, Poland

Stefano Chelli, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher University of Camerino Camerino, Italy

Necmi Aksoy, Ph.D. Professor
Duzce University Duzce, Turkey

Verónica Ferreira, Ph.D. Assistant Researcher University of Coimbra Coimbra, Portugal

Camilo Carneiro, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher University of Iceland Tartu, Estonia

Tiago Domingos, Ph.D. Associate Professor Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa Lisbon, Portugal
27
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Maria Rosa Paiva, Ph.D.
Professor, FRES
Founder of several scientific societies NOVA University of Lisbon
Lisbon, Portugal

Nicolas Roux, M.Sc.
PhD candidate
University of Natural Resoures and Life Sciences, Vienna
Vienna, Austria

Louise Marie Busck Lumholt, Ph.D. Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona København, Denmark

Jens Newig, Ph.D. Professor
Leuphana University Lüneburg, Germany

Thilde Bech Bruun, Ph.D. Associate Professor University of Copenhagen Copenhagen, Denmark

Peter Verburg, Ph.D.
Professor
Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Žiga Malek, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), VU University Amsterdam
Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Camille Venier-Cambron, M.Sc. PhD student
Institute for Environmental Studies, VU Amsterdam

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Peggy Eby, Ph.D. Senior Research Fellow Griffith University Nathan, Australia
Tiago Reis, M.Sc.
Phd candidate
Uclouvain Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

Mengmeng Li, M.A.
Scholar
VU University Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Rene Beyers, Ph.D.
Research Associate University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada

Tomasz Wesołowski, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus Wrocław University Wrocław, Poland

Rosa Pols, M.Sc.
Lecturer
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Bussum, The Netherlands

Perrine Laroche, M.Sc.
PhD candidate
Vrije University Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Jonas Appelt, M.Sc. PhD-Candidate
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Claudia Parra Paitan, M.Sc.
PhD candidate
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VU) Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Bodil Enoksson, Ph.D. Retired (officially) University of Lund Lund, Sweden

William H. Schlesinger, Ph.D.
Professor of Biogeochemistry,
President (Emeritus) of Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies,
Dean (Emeritus), School of the Environment
28
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Duke University Durham, North Carolina

Dominick A. DellaSala, Ph. D
Chief Scientist,
Wild Heritage Project of Earth Island Institute Berkeley, California

Giulio Di Toro, Ph.D.
Professor, Member of
Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (Italy) Università degli Studi di Padova Padova, Italy

Grzegorz Neubauer, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher Wrocław University Wrocław, Poland

Tasja Ebersole, M.Sc.
Research Specialist
Technical University of Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark

Elinor Breman, Ph.D.
Senior Research Leader, Conservation Science
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew London, United Kingdom

Petros Lymberakis, Ph.D. Curator,
Natural History Museum of Crete University of Crete
Herakleio, Greece

Jerry Skoglund, Ph.D. Assistant Professor University of Agriculture Uppsala, Sweden

Jae Choe, Ph.D. Distinguished Professor, Ewha Womans University Seoul, South Korea

Hyundo Choi, Ph.D. Associate Professor Dongguk University Seoul, South Korea
Sun-Jin Yun, Ph.D. Professor
Seoul National University Seoul, South Korea

Seungwan Kim, Ph.D. Assistant Professor
Chungnam National University Daejeon, South Korea

Jiyong Eom, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
Seoul, South Korea

Hae-Dong Kim, Ph.D. Professor
Keimyung University Daegu, South Korea

Youn Yeo-Chang, Ph.D. Professor
Seoul National University Seoul, South Korea

Jong Ho Hong, Ph.D. Professor
Seoul National University Seoul, South Korea

Massimo Pizzol, Ph.D. Associate Professor Aalborg University Aalborg, Denmark

Carolina María González Albarracín, Ph.D. Independent consultant
Comité Vecinal Fracc las Américas Mérida, México

Tiziano Gallo Cassarino, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Researcher University College London London, United Kingdom Maria Oliveira, Ph.D. Researcher in Ecology University of Lisbon

Lisbon, Portugal
29
Scientist Letter to Biden, Von der Leyen, Michel, Suga & Moon Regarding Forest Bioenergy (February 11, 2021)
Marvin David, Ph.D. Founder
Salo Sciences, Inc.
San Francisco, California

Seongho Lee, Ph.D. Director
Ketep
Seoul, Korea

Koichi Hasegawa, Ph.D.
Professor
Tohoku University/Shokei Gakuin University Sendai, Japan

Pierre Delmelle, Ph.D.
Professor
Université catholique de Louvain Louvain, Belgium

Caroline Vincke, Ph.D.
Professor
Université catholique de Louvain Louvain, Belgium

Sophie Opfergelt, Ph.D. Assistant Professor
Université catholique de Louvain Louvain, Belgium

Philippe Marbaix, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Research Fellow Université catholique de Louvain Louvain, Belgium

Teranishi Shun’ichi, Ph.D. Emeritus Professor Hitosubashi University Tokyo, Japan

Caroline Niederberg, Ph.D. Associate Professor
Université catholique de Louvain Louvain, Belgium

Josef Settele, Ph.D.
Professor
Heimholz Center for Environmental Research UFZ
Halle, Germany
Yoshiki Seki, Ph.D. Professor
Takushoku University Tokyo, Japan

Daniela Perrotti, Ph.D.
Professor
Université catholique de Louvain Louvain, Belgium

David Powlson, Ph.D. Emeritus Scientist
Lawes Senior Trust Fellow Rothamsted Research Harpenden, U.K.
30

inventaire 2021 des oiseaux de jardins

inventaire 2021 des oiseaux de jardins

30 & 31 janvier 2021

Week-end national de comptage des oiseaux des jardins

 

La Ligue de Protection des Oiseaux et le Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) invitent les citoyens à participer au comptage national des oiseaux des jardins.

Cette opération de sciences participatives est un moyen simple et concret de rendre les citoyens acteurs de la connaissance et de la protection de notre avifaune.

Ici les informations générales :  www.oiseauxdesjardins.fr

Ici la fiche  à remplir: Pdf fiche inventaire

FESTIVAL DE L’ARBRE et des chemins ruraux 2019 à Lamorlaye

FESTIVAL DE L’ARBRE et des chemins ruraux 2019 à Lamorlaye

VENDREDI 22 NOVEMBRE

• 19 > 21h CPIE – Conférence « Nourrir et protéger son sol» – au Château, salle jaune.

SAMEDI 23 NOVEMBRE

• 10h > 11h Inauguration du Verger conservatoire au Parc du Château avec Gisèle CROQ invitée d’honneur.
• 11h30 > 12h30 Inauguration de l’ensemble forestier remarquable du Lys avec Georges FETERMANN, président de l’association A.R.B.R.E.S REMARQUABLES au Square d’Aumale .
• 16h30 > 17h45 Alma – Conférence «Histoire de la forêt du Lys» – au Château, salle jaune.
• 18h > 19h30 Vernissage de l’exposition «3 siècles de la Forêt du Lys» de l’Alma et de l’exposition d’aquarelles «Le Chant des Arbres» de Françoise GUINVARCH – au Château.

DIMANCHE 24 NOVEMBRE

• 10h > 13h L’association Vivre au Lys propose ses Ateliers découvertes au Square d’Aumale : Troc plantes, Espaces démonstrations compostage et mulching.
Le Stand d’informations du Parc Naturel Régional.
Le Stand d’informations et la conférence de la Communauté de Commune de l’Aire Cantilienne (CCAC) pour la gestion des déchets verts.

• 16h > 17h30 Vernissage des expositions «Oiseaux de l’Oise» de Stéphane LESELBAUM et «Les Arbres du Lys» de Patrick FEREC – au Château.

Du 25 au 30 novembre, plantations d’arbres et d’arbustes dans les écoles avec les élèves

En Arctique, le permafrost fond 70 ans plus tôt que prévu !

En Arctique, le permafrost fond 70 ans plus tôt que prévu !

Notre planète se réchauffe dangereusement. De plus en plus d’études le confirment. Mais aujourd’hui, une nouvelle découverte, celle de la fonte du permafrost des îles arctiques du Canada, pourrait indiquer que la crise climatique s’installe plus rapidement encore que les scientifiques ne l’avaient craint.

Ce que les chercheurs appellent permafrost – ou encore pergélisol – c’est une couche de terre, de roche ou de sédiments qui présente la particularité de rester gelée pendant plus de deux années consécutives. Il recouvre aujourd’hui environ un quart de notre hémisphère Nord. Et des chercheurs de l’université d’Alaska Fairbanks (États-Unis) viennent de découvrir que le permafrost des îles arctiques du Canada a commencé à fondre.

Une nouvelle qui suscite l’inquiétude pour deux raisons. D’abord parce que les modèles climatiques établis par le Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) ne prévoyaient pas un tel dégel avant… 2090 ! Ensuite parce que cette fonte du permafrostpourrait bien accélérer encore un peu plus le réchauffement climatiqueen libérant dans l’atmosphère une grande quantité de gaz à effet de serre.

Entre 2003 et 2016, les îles arctiques du Canada ont connu une succession d’étés anormalement chauds. Résultat, des indices de dégels moyens de 150 à 240 % supérieurs à la normale de 1979-2000. « Nous avons été sidérés en découvrant que le permafrost avait réagi aussi rapidement aux températures élevées de l’air », raconte Louise Farquharson, chercheuse à l’université d’Alaska. Une conséquence aussi, semble-t-il, du faible amortissement thermique des couches organiques et de la végétation présentes au sol dans la région et de la présence de glace de sol près de la surface.

Source : Futura planete

Pesticides : la consommation française cartographiée

Pesticides : la consommation française cartographiée

Pesticides : la consommation française cartographiée (Le Monde)

Pour dessiner le paysage des produits chimiques dans les campagnes, l’association Générations futures a examiné 700 000 lignes dans une base de données des ventes.

Par Martine Valo Publié aujourd’hui à 18h44, mis à jour à 19h15

Epandage de glyphosate dans une exploitation à Piacé (Sarthe), le 11 mai. JEAN-FRANCOIS MONIER / AFP

Voilà un prix dont elles se seraient sans doute bien passées. Les chambres d’agriculture du Vaucluse, de la Réunion et de la Martinique ne vont pas tarder à recevoir un diplôme symbolique autant qu’ironique : le Glyph’Award qui distingue les départements français les plus portés sur le glyphosate. La Gironde et l’Aube se voient décerner chacune un accessit par l’association Générations futures, pour leur propension à recourir à l’herbicide le plus vendu au monde.

Tous les cinq enregistrent des records de plus d’un kilogramme de glyphosate par hectare vendu chaque année, alors que la moyenne nationale est de 326 grammes. Grandes cultures, viticulture, arboriculture en sont friandes. Sans surprise, les régions d’élevage du Massif central se situent en bas du classement.

Carte des ventes de glyphosate par hectare de surface agricole utile, en 2017. Générations futures

« C’est tellement difficile d’alerter sur l’omniprésence des pesticides… On a essayé beaucoup de modes de communication, alors cette fois on tente l’humour », explique François Veillerette, directeur de l’association à l’origine de cette initiative.

Au-delà du glyphosate, une substance active emblématique des tensions autour du modèle agricole dominant, l’association a calculé qu’en France, il se vend en moyenne 2,6 kilogrammes de produits phytosanitaires par hectare et par an. Le gouvernement qui a lancé mardi 20 novembre une consultation publique sur la relance du plan Ecophyto destiné à réduire l’usage des pesticides, évalue, lui, à 3,7 kg les substances actives par hectare cultivé et indique que la France se classe au deuxième rang européen avec 72 035 tonnes vendues.

A l’échelle d’un département, l’Aube se distingue à nouveau : comme en Gironde, on y achète plus de 3 tonnes de phytosanitaires par an. La Marne, le Vaucluse, le Pas-de-Calais, le Gard et l’Aisne dépassent pour leur part les 2 tonnes par an.

Carte des ventes de pesticides par département, en 2017. Générations futures

Ces cartes de France des pesticides donnent un aperçu des quantités achetées en 2017 ; elles ne montrent pas ce qui est réellement épandu dans les champs comme substances actives déclarées, ou achetées clandestinement hors des frontières. Chaque agriculteur est bien tenu de remplir précisément un registre récapitulant ce qu’il utilise sur ces parcelles, mais ces données-là restent inaccessibles. Elles intéresseraient pourtant le public, surtout les riverains.

Pour établir ces recensements, Générations futures s’est plongée dans une masse de relevés de 700 000 lignes extraites de la base de données des ventes des distributeurs agréés. L’exercice est inédit. Car si la loi sur l’eau et les milieux aquatiques de 2006 oblige ces derniers à déclarer leurs cessions annuelles de produits phytosanitaires afin d’établir le montant de la redevance pour pollutions diffuses, l’Etat ne permettait pas au public d’y mettre son nez. Jusqu’à ce que la Commission d’accès aux documents administratifs intervienne, en 2017, à la demande d’un membre de l’association Eau et rivières de Bretagne, Etienne Dervieux.

Frugale Lozère

En attendant, le travail de Générations futures a le mérite de renseigner sur les zones probablement les plus exposées avec la carte des quantités de substances actives vendues, rapportées aux surfaces agricoles cultivées dans chaque département – l’association a pris pour référence le recensement agricole de 2010. Rappelons que les collectivités locales ne sont plus autorisées à en faire usage dans leurs parcs et jardins. Le Vaucluse, une fois encore, apparaît comme le champion dans cette catégorie avec presque 22 kg par hectare, loin devant le Gard (14,2 kg) et la Gironde (13 kg).

Carte des ventes de pesticides par hectare de surface agricole utile par département, en 2017. Générations futures

Alors que les débats se multiplient et que les questions se font pressantes sur les effets des épandages de produits chimiques, ces données mériteraient d’être croisées avec d’autres résultats de recherches épidémiologiques.

L’une des cartes réalisée par l’association présente, toujours par département, les quantités de phytosanitaires dont les substances actives sont classées cancérogènes, mutagènes et reprotoxiques probables ou possibles dans la base de données sur les pesticides de l’Union européenne. Le Vaucluse (1,2 kg/ha) se classe alors en quatrième position derrière l’Aube (1,88), le Tarn-et-Garonne (1,3) et le Pas-de-Calais (1,24). Tandis qu’en Lozère, qui apparaît systématiquement comme la plus frugale, il s’en vend 0,0003 kg/ha.

Carte des ventes de pesticides cancérogènes, mutagènes ou reprotoxiques par hectare de surface agricole utile par département, en 2017. Générations futures

Sur une autre carte, Générations futures montre la répartition des ventes de substances actives phytosanitaires suspectées d’être des perturbateurs endocriniens, toujours rapportée aux surfaces cultivées. L’association s’est appuyée sur ce chapitre sur les travaux de l’ONG scientifique américaine The Endocrine Disruption Exchange.

Carte des ventes de pesticides perturbateurs endocriniens rapportées au nombre d’hectares de surface cultivée, en 2017. Générations futures

Martine Valo

Voir les cartographies : ici